The growth and advancement of technology have led to increased innovations in the business sector globally where firms have created and installed systems that enhance the business practices. This means that computer-generated systems and software are being utilized to manage and regulate information and data regarding the business operations of the entities. Information technology vendors are key players in the technology industry since they are associated with the creation and installation of the systems that provide information management platforms. Some of the information technology vendors include Red Hat, Microsoft, Novel, and Oracle where the vendors, in this case, are also involved with the provision of open-source technologies. The open-source technologies are the computer programs and software that are made freely available to the public to enable it to utilize the source codes provided. The users of the programs can make modifications and changes to enable them to meet the needs of their businesses. Therefore, this paper will focus on analyzing the server operating systems where it will be divided into two tasks. The first task will be to analyze three server operating system platforms, their features and benefits, and their business application. The second task, on the other hand, will be a procurement proposal for one of the platforms from the first task.
Task One: Server Operating Systems
Server operating systems are crucial in the business sector since they are associated with the management of computer hardware and software. The systems are designed to operate on servers; hence, providing a linkage between the users of information and data, and the computer applications. Server operating systems have platforms that are critical to ensuring the effective management of the data to ensure the client computers on the network easily access information. This means the platforms are utilized in storing, sending, and processing and the managing of large files and documents in the computers. The platforms have specific unique features regarding security, administration, and stability that enable them to perform effectively in the management of business operations. Some of the server operating system platforms utilized by organizations include:
Mac OS X Server
This is Apple’s main OS; that is, it has a Macintosh interface; hence, a business must acquire Apple hardware to access its services. The platform is quite similar to FreeBSD, which is another server operating system utilized by firms to manage data and files installed in computer systems. Some of the features include ease of use where the server can be easily comprehended by its users; hence, is easy to process and manage data. Mac OS X Server is also stable and reliable, meaning that it can effectively operate without experiencing any technical challenges such as crashes (Kukreja, Stevenson and Ritter, 321). This enables it to be reliable since the users have confidence with its operations regarding the sending, storing, and processing of data. The server is designed to function in high-performance network systems and applications indicating its efficiency to the client computers utilizing the networks. Lastly, it can be used in a large range of Apple products such as iPhones, iPads, and Apple computers since they are designed to access and manipulate the operating system. This platform is preferred by organizations due to the wide variety of services it provides to ensure business operations and activities are well-functioning. Some of the services include cross-platform file sharing, web hosting, system imaging, client management, networking and security, live video broadcasting, calendaring and scheduling, web-based collaboration, and e-mail services. Mac OS X Server is suited to operate in the education sector where learning institutions utilize the server to manage data regarding the learners and the activities in the schools. It can also be used by both small and large business entities that possess and use Apple products in running the business activities.
Windows Small Business Server 2008
The server is designed to operate in small entities; that is, organizations having less than 75 users of the data in the network systems. The server was launched in November 2008, where according to Steven VanRoekel, who operates in Windows Server Solutions as a senior director provided that firms acquiring the platform for IT duties can save resources due to its low acquisition and maintenance costs. The small business server is also easy to use since it is designed to cater to the needs of users not exceeding 75; hence, not considered to be complicated in managing and processing data (Johansson and Tulloch, 476). It can support and maintain client files and documents indicating its reliability feature where small entities depend on the server in the creation of an interface between the users and the networks. The businesses utilizing this server operating system platform enjoy some services such as internet connectivity, remote access, e-mail, mobile devices support, file sharing, and backup services. However, midsized and large entities with more sophisticated information technology demand compared to the small organizations may acquire Windows Essential Business Server 2008 which offers a wide variety of services.
The Linux server operating system is also a crucial platform in the information technology sector due to its effectiveness in data processing and management in the systems and networks. The server has different versions that enable entities to select depending on the size and nature of the businesses and the industries they operate in. The Linux server is preferred by entities due to its stability; that is, its operations regarding information technology duties are effective where it experiences minimal or no technical challenges such as crashes. The Linux operating system is also designed to prevent the systems and networks from cyber insecurity where external networks are prevented from accessing information and data in the computer systems. This is a security strategy that ensures information is protected through limiting access to the programs. The creation of Linux versions has enabled the server to be affordable; that is, low costs are incurred by entities installing the platform. The prices of its many versions range from free to some thousand dollars; hence, enabling entities to select the appropriate version. The free servers can be downloaded from a company or individual and installed in the systems without incurring charges. For instance, the Ubuntu Linux version is free where both small and large organizations can access it to enjoy information technology related services such as web hosting, podcast encode and delivery, distributed computing, and video streaming (Norton, 106). Linux server operating system can be utilized in some business departments such as finance, and human resource since it can manage large files and documents.